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#2765888 - 02/23/12 11:31 AM QDMA Releases - Deer Farming
6 Point

Registered: 03/10/07
Posts: 509
Loc: Bedford Co.


Quality Deer Management Association
For Immediate Release
February 22, 2012

QDMA Urges Hunters in Seven States to Oppose Deer-Breeding Legislation

BOGART, Ga. -- The Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA) is urging hunters in seven states to oppose the expansion of the deer-breeding industry, which QDMA perceives as a growing threat to wild deer and the deer-hunting heritage. Legislation designed to loosen or dismantle regulatory barriers to white-tailed deer breeding and farming is being considered in Georgia, Indiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia.

“There are no benefits for deer hunters in the growth of the captive deer-breeding industry – only risks,” said Kip Adams, QDMA’s Director of Education & Outreach and a certified wildlife biologist. “It is QDMA’s mission to protect the future of white-tailed deer and our hunting heritage, and we oppose anything that puts those at risk.”

In opposing the proliferation of “deer breeding,” QDMA is referring to captive deer facilities where controlled, artificial breeding technology is used primarily to produce whitetail bucks with enormous, often grotesque antlers – an industry that includes sales of semen, artificially impregnated does, and live bucks to other breeders or to captive deer shooting facilities. Current estimates suggest there are nearly 10,000 deer breeding operations in North America, and the number is growing as the industry pushes to expand into areas where it was historically not legal.

“Some argue this is an innocent endeavor with no negative impacts to wild deer or the everyday deer hunter. As CEO of North America’s leading whitetail conservation organization, I emphatically and unapologetically disagree,” said Brian Murphy, QDMA’s Chief Executive Officer. “Not only does this industry undermine the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation in which wildlife is a public resource, it also threatens the health of wild deer and the public’s perception of hunting.”

The distribution map of chronic wasting disease (CWD) – a fatal disease of deer and elk – suggests the disease likely arrived in several new states through transportation of live deer, either legally or illegally, and not through natural deer movements. Legalizing deer breeding in new areas increases the incentive for illegal transportation of untested animals at a time when these human-aided movements must be stopped. Transporting any captive whitetails is risky, as there is no acceptable and practical live-animal test for CWD. Once CWD appears in wild deer in a new area, slowing the spread of the disease requires costly investigation, testing and surveillance efforts for many years and often requires drastic reductions in deer populations. There is currently no known way to decontaminate an environment once CWD is present.

In more than 40 states, regulatory authority over captive deer facilities is held by state agriculture agencies, or shared between agriculture and wildlife agencies. QDMA recommends that wildlife agencies have sole responsibility because they have more experience with wildlife species and wildlife disease issues, and they fully understand what is at stake with regard to transmission of diseases like CWD to free-ranging deer.

“QDMA’s current effort is to halt expansion of the deer-breeding industry,” said Adams. “We also want sole jurisdiction for existing facilities to remain with or be reassigned to state wildlife agencies. Considering the implications for our hunting heritage, we can’t afford to allow this industry to expand. The ramifications of being wrong are simply too great.”

QDMA is currently urging resident hunters to oppose existing or potential legislation in the following states:

Georgia: House Bill 1043 – Legalizes the importation of live whitetails into Georgia for breeding purposes and creates a permitting system for deer-breeding operations, all under the jurisdiction of the state Department of Agriculture. Current status: House second-readers as of February 22.

Indiana - House Bill 1265 - Provides for the licensing and operations of hunting preserves on which farm-bred, captive deer and elk will be hunted. Current Status - Senator David Long (President Pro Tempore) refused to hear the bill. It remains in committee.

Mississippi - Senate Bills 2554 and 2555 - Legalizes importation of captive deer, semen and embryos and authorizes deer breeding facilities, under the jurisdiction of the state agriculture department. Current Status - Both bills referred to Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks Committee on February 20.

Missouri - House Bill 1375 - Adds deer to the definition of “livestock” for the purposes of the state sales and use tax law, meat inspection law, Missouri Livestock Disease Control and Eradication Law, and the Missouri Livestock Marketing Law. Current Status - House second-readers as of February 22.

North Carolina - Currently at the proposal stage; no bill number yet. The spoken intent is to loosen regulations to allow for expansion of the captive deer industry. A QDMA staff member will attend a board meeting with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission in Raleigh on March 7 on this topic.

Tennessee - House Bill 3164 - Present law classifies white-tailed deer as Class IV wildlife, which may only be possessed by zoos, temporary exhibitors, and rehabilitation facilities. This bill adds authorization for possession of white-tailed deer by breeding facilities that receive a permit from the Department of Agriculture to breed or ranch such livestock for purposes determined by the Department. Current Status - Placed on calendar for Agriculture Committee for March 6.

West Virginia - Senate Bill 421 - Captive Cervid Farming Act - Transfers regulatory authority over captive white-tailed deer facilities from the Division of Natural Resources (DNR) to the Department of Agriculture. Current Status - referred to Rules Committee on February 17.

# #

Media Contacts:
Brian Murphy, CEO; 800-209-3337 or
Kip Adams, Director of Education & Outreach; 814-326-4023 or
Lindsay Thomas Jr., Director of Communications; 800-209-3337 or

About QDMA
Founded in 1988, QDMA is a national nonprofit wildlife conservation organization with nearly 50,000 members in all 50 states and Canada, and several foreign countries. QDMA is dedicated to ensuring the future of white-tailed deer, wildlife habitat and our hunting heritage. To learn more about QDMA and why it is the future of deer hunting, call 800-209-3337 or visit

Media members wishing to join QDMA’s Media Outreach Network can contact Tanner Tedeschi at or by calling (800) 209-3337. If you are already subscribed to the Media Outreach Network but wish to be unsubscribed from the list, please inform Tanner and you will be removed.
"What is man without the beasts? For whatever happens to the beasts, soon happens to man. All things are connected." (Chief Seattle)

#2765890 - 02/23/12 11:32 AM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Monty]
6 Point

Registered: 03/10/07
Posts: 509
Loc: Bedford Co.

Editorial QDMA

Inside QDMA

Imagine this – yearling bucks with more than 200 inches of antler and adult bucks exceeding 500 inches (that’s larger than the current world record wild bull elk). While this may sound like fantasy land, it’s reality today in captive whitetail breeding facilities. These bucks are touted to have “superior” genetics due to their enormous, often grotesque antlers. The reality, however, is that these bucks are the product of many generations of inbreeding (their owners prefer the term “line-breeding”), with many “lines” so closely related that genetics experts have had to increase the normal number of DNA markers just to separate individual animals.

This industry, often referred to as the captive cervid industry, has quietly proliferated in recent years, largely under the veil of deer farming or alternative livestock. To be clear, I am referring specifically to confined deer breeding operations rather than all high-fenced hunting facilities, especially large, well-managed ones containing native deer. Current estimates suggest there are nearly 10,000 deer breeding operations in North America, and the states of Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas and Wisconsin are each home to more than 500 such facilities.

Their business model is simple – create a core group of “breeder bucks” from which semen straws and inseminated does can be sold to the highest bidder. Any bucks not worthy of breeder status are typically sold as “shooter” bucks to high-fenced hunting operations, often released just days before a “hunter” enters a “preserve” to collect his “trophy.” In general, the larger and more extreme a buck’s antlers, the higher its value and, thus, the smaller the “hunting” area required to ensure success.

Some argue this is an innocent endeavor with no negative impacts to wild deer or the everyday deer hunter/manager. As CEO of North America’s leading whitetail conservation organization with a mission to ensure a sustainable future for wild white-tailed deer, I emphatically and unapologetically disagree. Not only does this industry undermine the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation, it threatens the health of wild deer and the public’s perception of hunting. In fact, just before this issue of Quality Whitetails went to press, Missouri joined the growing list of states with Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in wild whitetails.

Not surprising, the infected animals were discovered less than two miles from a captive whitetail facility that had previously tested positive for CWD. Coincidence? I think not.

Similar discoveries have occurred in other states. Despite the undeniable risks to wild deer and the future of hunting, the captive cervid industry is currently launching efforts to loosen regulations to enable expansion within or into many new states. In fact, at time of press, the QDMA was fighting captive cervid legislation and related efforts in seven states including Georgia, Indiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee and West Virginia.

If you agree the health of wild white-tailed deer and the preservation of our deer-hunting heritage is more important than antlered freaks in pens, pick up the phone, write a letter, and get involved. Our association’s strength lies in our membership, and there is no more important time or place to demonstrate this strength than right now in the legislative halls throughout North America. This is a battle we simply can’t afford to lose.

Brian Murphy
"What is man without the beasts? For whatever happens to the beasts, soon happens to man. All things are connected." (Chief Seattle)

#2765902 - 02/23/12 11:48 AM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Monty]
Diehard Hunter
12 Point

Registered: 08/01/08
Posts: 6980
Loc: East Tennessee

Good deal. Thanks for posting Monty!
The recreational value of a game animal is inverse to the artificiality of its origin and the intensiveness of the management system that produced it. Aldo Leopold

#2765978 - 02/23/12 12:43 PM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Diehard Hunter]
Football Hunter

Registered: 10/22/07
Posts: 25536
Loc: Wilson Co/Perry Co

The best day to plant a tree,IS TODAY!

You wont know,if you dont go!

#2766041 - 02/23/12 01:47 PM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Football Hunter]
Good ol' Boys "Team Buckcreek"
16 Point

Registered: 08/26/09
Posts: 12232
Loc: McMinn Co. Tennessee

Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

#2766085 - 02/23/12 02:40 PM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Beekeeper]
Pursuit Hunter
8 Point

Registered: 10/01/08
Posts: 2086
Loc: Way out there

I referenced the national alert and the 2010 QDMA Whitetail Report in this letter sent to all Ag Committee members.


Dear Committee Members,

I have personally spoken with many of you during the past couple weeks about my opposition to HB3164 and I was present in Tuesday’s Ag committee meeting when there was much discussion and speculation about why Tennessee’s Hunting Community is so up in arms about the bill. It was suggested that the opposition was due to “misinformation” distributed by the Tennessee Wildlife Federation. I can assure you that our opposition has nothing to do with misinformation.

I am president of the local branch of the Quality Deer Management Association (QDMA). The QDMA is a national nonprofit wildlife conservation organization with nearly 50,000 members in all 50 states, Canada, and several foreign countries. QDMA is dedicated to ensuring the future of whitetail deer, wildlife habitat and our hunting heritage. Two of the most important roles QDMA plays are science-based research and education.

Please take a minute to look at the following information from the QDMA.

This press release was distributed to all QDMA members yesterday. It discusses the basis behind our organization’s opposition to the current legislative initiatives to introduce whitetail deer farming in seven states, including Tennessee.

The 2010 Whitetail Report published by QDMA contains some very good factual information about deer farming and CWD. Please see pages 40 – 45 and pay particular attention to the discussion of the direct costs incurred by state agencies as a result of CWD outbreaks. Note the statement that Wisconsin alone spent $41 million on CWD-related activities between 2002 and 2009.

If you browse through the other sections of the report, you will get a feel for the quality of the science-based research and education that QDMA provides its members. I can assure you that our organization is not about sensationalism or misinformation.

I have urged our local members to get involved in communicating our opposition to deer farming and I will proudly and confidently continue to do so. Please know that we are committed to fighting this proposed legislation on the basis of facts and our sincere concern for our valuable natural resources.

I hope you will consider the risks associated with allowing importation of whitetail deer into our state and vote no to HB3164.

Thank you for your time and consideration.


Chris Anderson
President, Middle Tennessee QDMA Branch
One does not hunt in order to kill; on the contrary, one kills in order to have hunted - Jose Ortega y Gasset

#3179234 - 02/28/13 12:35 PM Re: QDMA Releases - Deer Farming [Re: Pursuit Hunter]

Registered: 05/02/07
Posts: 21
Loc: Texas

i would kindly like to update this thread...thank you!

yep, while the Texas deer czar dr. dough was off to Wisconsin pushing the privately owned shooting pen industry (livestock cervids industry), Texas fell to CWD, and Texas just reported 4 more CWD postives. ...

for your information...

According to Wisconsin’s White-Tailed Deer Trustee Dr. James Kroll, people who call for more public hunting opportunities are “pining for socialism.” He further states, “(Public) Game management is the last bastion of communism.”

“Game Management,” says James Kroll, driving to his high-fenced, two-hundred-acre spread near Nacogdoches, “is the last bastion of communism.” Kroll, also known as Dr. Deer, is the director of the Forestry Resources Institute of Texas at Stephen F. Austin State University, and the “management” he is referring to is the sort practiced by the State of Texas. The 55-year-old Kroll is the leading light in the field of private deer management as a means to add value to the land. His belief is so absolute that some detractors refer to him as Dr. Dough, implying that his eye is on the bottom line more than on the natural world.

Kroll, who has been the foremost proponent of deer ranching in Texas for more than thirty years, doesn’t mind the controversy and certainly doesn’t fade in the heat. People who call for more public lands are “cocktail conservationists,” he says, who are really pining for socialism. He calls national parks “wildlife ghettos” and flatly accuses the government of gross mismanagement. He argues that his relatively tiny acreage, marked by eight-foot fences and posted signs warning off would-be poachers, is a better model for keeping what’s natural natural while making money off the land.

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Dr. James C. Kroll Texas deer czar final report on Wisconsin

Friday, June 01, 2012


Thursday, March 29, 2012


Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Chronic Wasting Disease Detected in Far West Texas

Monday, February 11, 2013

TEXAS CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE CWD Four New Positives Found in Trans Pecos

Volume 18, Number 3—March 2012 Synopsis Occurrence, Transmission, and Zoonotic Potential of Chronic Wasting Disease


Prevalence and Surveillance

Originally recognized only in southeastern Wyoming and northeastern Colorado, USA, CWD was reported in Canada in 1996 and Wisconsin in 2001 and continues to be identified in new geographic locations (Figure 1, panel A). CWD has been identified in free-ranging cervids in 15 US states and 2 Canadian provinces and in ≈100 captive herds in 15 states and provinces and in South Korea (Figure 1, panel B).


CWD surveillance programs are now in place in almost all US states and Canadian provinces (Figure 2, panel A). More than 1,060,000 free-ranging cervids have reportedly been tested for CWD (Figure 2, panel B) and ≈6,000 cases have been identified (Figure 2, panel C) according to data from state and provincial wildlife agencies.


Testing of captive cervids is routine in most states and provinces, but varies considerably in scope from mandatory testing of all dead animals to voluntary herd certification programs or mandatory testing of only animals suspected of dying of CWD.


Long-term effects of CWD on cervid populations and ecosystems remain unclear as the disease continues to spread and prevalence increases. In captive herds, CWD might persist at high levels and lead to complete herd destruction in the absence of human culling. Epidemiologic modeling suggests the disease could have severe effects on free-ranging deer populations, depending on hunting policies and environmental persistence (8,9). CWD has been associated with large decreases in free-ranging mule deer populations in an area of high CWD prevalence (Boulder, Colorado, USA) (5). In addition, CWD-infected deer are selectively preyed upon by mountain lions (5), and may also be more vulnerable to vehicle collisions (10). Long-term effects of the disease may vary considerably geographically, not only because of local hunting policies, predator populations, and human density (e.g., vehicular collisions) but also because of local environmental factors such as soil type (11) and local cervid population factors, such as genetics and movement patterns (S.E. Saunders, unpub. data).


Controlling the spread of CWD, especially by human action, is a more attainable goal than eradication. Human movement of cervids has likely led to spread of CWD in facilities for captive animals, which has most likely contributed to establishment of new disease foci in free-ranging populations (Figure 1, panel A). Thus, restrictions on human movement of cervids from disease-endemic areas or herds continue to be warranted. Anthropogenic factors that increase cervid congregation such as baiting and feeding should also be restricted to reduce CWD transmission. Appropriate disposal of carcasses of animals with suspected CWD is necessary to limit environmental contamination (20), and attractive onsite disposal options such as composting and burial require further investigation to determine contamination risks. The best options for lowering the risk for recurrence in facilities for captive animals with outbreaks are complete depopulation, stringent exclusion of free-ranging cervids, and disinfection of all exposed surfaces. However, even the most extensive decontamination measures may not be sufficient to eliminate the risk for disease recurrence (20; S.E. Saunders et al. unpub. data)

Tuesday, December 20, 2011


The CWD infection rate was nearly 80%, the highest ever in a North American captive herd.

RECOMMENDATION: That the Board approve the purchase of 80 acres of land for $465,000 for the Statewide Wildlife Habitat Program in Portage County and approve the restrictions on public use of the site.


SUBJECT: Information Item: Almond Deer Farm Update



Monday, January 16, 2012


see full text and more here ;

Chemosphere. 2012 Jan 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Soil-mediated prion transmission: Is local soil-type a key determinant of prion disease incidence?

Saunders SE, Bartz JC, Bartelt-Hunt SL.


Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Peter Kiewit Institute, Omaha, NE 68182, USA.


Prion diseases, including chronic wasting disease (CWD) and scrapie, can be transmitted via indirect environmental routes. Animals habitually ingest soil, and results from laboratory experiments demonstrate prions can bind to a wide range of soils and soil minerals, retain the ability to replicate, and remain infectious, indicating soil could serve as a reservoir for natural prion transmission and a potential prion exposure route for humans. Preliminary epidemiological modeling suggests soil texture may influence the incidence of prion disease. These results are supported by experimental work demonstrating variance in prion interactions with soil, including variance in prion soil adsorption and soil-bound prion replication with respect to soil type. Thus, local soil type may be a key determinant of prion incidence. Further experimental and epidemiological work is required to fully elucidate the dynamics of soil-mediated prion transmission, an effort that should lead to effective disease management and mitigation strategies.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

see much more on soil here ;

Survival and Limited Spread of TSE Infectivity after Burial


Degradation of Pathogenic Prion Protein and Prion Infectivity by Lichens


Enzymatic Digestion of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions Bound to Soil


Detection of PrPCWD in Rocky Mountain Elk Feces Using Protein Misfolding Cyclic Amplification


Detection of CWD Prions in Salivary and Urinary Tissues of Deer: Potential Mechanisms of Pathogenesis and Prion Shedding


Identification of Renal Origin for CWD Urinary Prion Excretion in Deer

Friday, February 25, 2011

Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds

Friday, February 08, 2013

*** Behavior of Prions in the Environment: Implications for Prion Biology

Friday, November 09, 2012

*** Chronic Wasting Disease CWD in cervidae and transmission to other species

Sunday, November 11, 2012

*** Susceptibilities of Nonhuman Primates to Chronic Wasting Disease November 2012

Friday, December 14, 2012

Susceptibility Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in wild cervids to Humans 2005 - December 14, 2012

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

*** A Growing Threat How deer breeding could put public trust wildlife at risk

kind regards,

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